Séminaire GREDEG : Corinne AUTANT-BERNARD (Univ. Saint-Etienne)

Publié le 6 mars 2024 Mis à jour le 26 mars 2024
Date(s)

le 26 mars 2024

GREDEG

Title : Universities, and innovation in secondary cities: Empirical evidence from the local impact of new universities created in France

Abstract
: The creation of new universities is probably one of the oldest public policies boosting economic development. Several studies, which dates back to the seminal work by Jaffe (1989), show that this impact takes place mainly locally. On this basis, a number of public research and higher education decentralization programmes were implemented over the last decades in order to reduce territorial imbalances. However, there is still insufficient evidence about their relevance. In this context, this study is the first to test the causal impact of setting up new universities within secondary cities to foster local innovation.

Focusing on the French university decentralisation policy in the late 20th century, we rely on patent data as indicators of innovation outcome. Based on a staggered event study design, and controlling for unobserved local features and annual shocks, the paper analyses 183 commutingzones between 1980 and 2014, without higher-education establishment before 1980 and located outside of the Paris region. This balanced panel includes 10 zones with "new universities" created from 1990 to 1995, 48 decentralized satellite campuses created from 1980 to 2013, and 125 zones without any higher-education establishment.

The preliminary results suggest that higher education decentralisation has a positive and significant impact on local patenting. New university creation generates the strongest effect in the short run, but small cities also benefit from hosting decentralized satellite campuses.


About Corinne: She is a Professor of Economics, and the Director of Saint-Etienne School of Economics. Her research interests lie in the fields of: Economics of innovation and knowledge diffusion Spatial econometrics and network analysis Public policy evaluation.
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Date(s)
Le 26 mars 2024 11:30 - 12:30